• 1960 ~ "Once Upon a Mattress" closed at Alvin Theater New York City after 460 performances
• 1971 ~ Edward Ballantine, Composer, died at the age of 84
• 1972 ~ "Fiddler on the Roof" closed at Imperial Theater New York City after 3242 performances
• 1973 ~ Betty Grable, U.S. actress, singer and World War Two pin-up girl, died.
Her films included "How To Marry A Millionaire," "Down Argentine Way"
and "Tin Pan Alley."
• 1979 ~ Sony introduced the Walkman, the first portable audio cassette player. Over the next 30 years they sold over 385 million Walkmans in cassette, CD, mini-disc and digital file versions, and were the market leaders until the arrival of Apple's iPod and other new digital devices.
• 1984 ~ Ramiro Cortes, Composer, died at the age of 50
• 1984 ~ Epic Records set a record as two million copies of the Jacksons’ new album,
Victory, were shipped to stores. It was the first time that such a large
shipment had been initially sent to retailers. The LP arrived just days before
Michael and his brothers started their hugely successful Victory Tour.
• 1987 ~ Michael Bennet, Choreographer of A Chorus Line, died at the age of 44
• 1992 ~ Edith Valckaert, Belgian violinist, died at the age of 42
• 1992 ~ Jose Monje, Spanish flamenco singer, died
• 1994 ~ Marion Williams, Gospel singer, died at the age of 66
• 1995 ~ "Rose Tattoo" closed at Circle in the Square New York City after 80 performances
• 2002 ~ Ray Brown, a legendary jazz bassist who played with Dizzy Gillespie, CharlieParker and his one-time wife Ella Fitzgerald in a career that spanned a half
century, died in his sleep in Indianapolis. He was 75.
Brown was in Indianapolis for an engagement at the Jazz Kitchen.
Brown, whose fluid sound helped define the bebop era, started his career in the 1940s and performed during jazz's Golden Age with Gillespie, Parker and BudPowell.
He was a founder of bebop and appeared with Gillespie in the 1946 film "Jivin' in
Be-Bop." Brown later became musical director and husband of singer Ella
Fitzgerald. They divorced in the early 1950s.
Ray Matthews Brown was born in Pittsburgh in 1926 and moved in 1945 to New York.
While playing in Gillespie's Big Band in 1946 and 1947, he became Fitzgerald's
music director - and, in the late 1940s, her husband.
Brown played with an early edition of what became the Modern Jazz Quartet, recording
with the Milt Jackson Quartet in 1951. He subsequently was a founding member of
the Oscar Peterson's Trio, which ranked among jazz's most popular groups of the
'50s and '60s.
Among his recordings is the solo effort Something for Lester.
• 2002 ~ Experimental composer Earle Brown, whose visually elegant scores and
collaborative spirit pushed traditional musical composition, died at his home in
Rye, N.Y. He was 75.
Brown worked with composer John Cage and became known for his graphic scores. One of
their most famous works is "December 1952."
Brown believed in allowing musicians much freedom in playing his compositions,
describing "December 1952" as "an activity rather than a piece by me, because of
the content being supplied by the musicians."
Brown's music was highly influential in Europe and he was repertory director of an
important series of new-music recordings that included works by 49 composers from 16 countries between 1960 and 1973.
He taught at Yale University, the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore and at the
Tanglewood and Aspen music festivals.
3 1801 ~ Johann Nepomuk Went, Composer, died at the age of 56
• 1892 ~ Joseph Labitzky, Composer
• 1809 ~ Joseph Quesne, Composer, died at the age of 62
• 1814 ~ Janis Cimze, Composer
• 1819 ~ Louis Theodore Gouvy, Composer
• 1846 ~ Achilles Alferaki, Composer
• 1850 ~ Alfredo Kiel, Composer
• 1854 ~ Leos Janácek, Czech composer, conductor
and collector of Moravian folk songs. He is best known for his operas
including "Jenufa" and "The Cunning Little Vixen" as well as for his
orchestral piece "Taras Bulba."
More information about Janácek
• 1855 ~ Piotr Maszynski, Composer
• 1860 ~ William Wallace, Composer
• 1862 ~ Friedrich Ernst Koch, Composer
• 1871 ~ Vicente Arregui Garay, Composer
• 1873 ~ Josef Michal Ksawery Jan Poniatowski, Composer, died at the age of 57
• 1878 ~ George M. Cohan, American songwriter, vaudeville
performer, playwright and producer
Listen to Cohan's music More information about Cohan
• 1941 ~ Cab Calloway and his orchestra recorded the standard, St. James Infirmary,
for Okeh Records.
• 1945 ~ Johnny Lee, Country singer
• 1945 ~ Victor Borge was first heard on NBC radio. The network gave the
comedian/pianist the summer replacement slot for Fibber McGee and Molly.
More information about Borge
• 1948 ~ Paul Barrere, Musician, guitarist with Little Feat
• 1952 ~ Daniel Zamudio, Composer, died at the age of 64
• 1953 ~ Harry Belafonte was shown with actress Janet Leigh and film star Tony Curtis
on the cover of Ebony magazine. It was the first time a black person and two
Caucasians were seen together on a U.S. magazine cover.
• 1954 ~ "Wonderful Town" closed at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 559 performances
• 1955 ~ Neil Clark, Musician, guitarist with Lloyd Cole & The Commotions
• 1957 ~ Laura Branigan, Singer
• 1957 ~ Richard Mohaupt, German Composer (Bucolica), died at the age of 52
• 1958 ~ "Andy Williams Show" premiered on ABC (later on CBS & NBC)
• 1960 ~ Alfred Henry Ackley, Composer, died at the age of 73
• 1961 ~ Vince Clarke, Songwriter, keyboards
• 1965 ~ Clarence Loomis, Composer, died at the age of 75
• 1969 ~ Brian Jones, guitarist (Rolling Stones), drowns to death at 25
• 1969 ~ Hermann Grabner, Composer, died at the age of 83
• 1971 ~ Jim Morrison, rock singer (Doors), died of heart failure at 27
• 1971 ~ The Newport Jazz Festival’s reputation was tarnished as gate crashers
stormed the stage. The unruly mob forced the show to leave Newport, Rhode
Island and move to New York City. Oh, and the artist the crowd got unruly
over? Not Bob Dylan, not Miles Davis, but Dionne Warwick's! She was singing Whatthe World Needs Now is Love at the time of the incident.
• 1972 ~ Mississippi Fred McDowell, jazz artist, died at the age of 68
• 1973 ~ Charles Ancerl, Czech conductor (Prague/Toronto), died at the age of 63
• 1973 ~ Clint Holmes received a gold record for his hit single, Playground in MyMind.
• 1976 ~ Brian Wilson rejoined The Beach Boys, who were appearing at Angels Stadium
in Anaheim, CA (before 74,000 fans). Wilson had been out of the group’s road
tour schedule for 12 years.
• 1977 ~ Hugh Le Caine, Composer, died at the age of 63
• 1986 ~ Rudy Vallee, singer (Vagabond Dreams), died at the age of 84
• 1986 ~ Mikhail Baryshnikov, considered by many to be the world’s greatest ballet
dancer, became a U.S. citizen in ceremonies at Ellis Island, New York Harbor.
• 1991 ~ Irina Nijinska, Russian/US dancer, died at the age of 77
• 1995 ~ Brad Lee Sexton, bass guitarist, died at the age of 47
• 2001 ~ Country guitar player Roy Nichols, who played in Merle Haggard's band for 22
years and helped create the Bakersfield Sound, died after being
hospitalized with kidney inflammation and a bacterial infection. He was 68.
Nichols began recording with Haggard's band The Strangers in 1963 and played with
some of country music's biggest names from the time he was 16 years old.
"A lot of people may or may not know that he played for Johnny Cash on TennesseeFlat Top Box, the original version, and also on The Ballad of Ira Hayes,"
Haggard told the Associated Press in a telephone interview.
Haggard credits Nichols with jump-starting his own career and playing a key role
in developing The Stranger's distinctive sound.
• 2001 ~ Grand Ole Opry star Johnny Russell, whose song Act Naturally was recorded
by Buck Owens and The Beatles, died of leukemia, diabetes and other
ailments at the age of 61.
Russell once said that it took him two years to get someone to record ActNaturally, co-written with Voni Morrison.
When Owens recorded a version in 1963, it went to No. 1 on the country charts.
Two years later, it was recorded by the Beatles, with Ringo Starr singing the
vocal. In 1989, Starr and Owens recorded a duet of the song that was nominated
for Grammy and Country Music Association awards.
Russell's own recording career took off in the 1970s. His biggest hit was the
working class anthem Rednecks, White Socks and Blue Ribbon Beer, which went
to No. 4 in 1973 and was nominated for a Grammy.
Russell joined the cast of the Grand Ole Opry in 1985, and over the years became
its regular closing act. A jolly, 275-pound man, he would joke to audiences in
his opening line: "Can everybody see me all right?"
Russell also wrote the No. 1 hit Let's Fall to Pieces Together, recorded in 1984 by George Strait, and Making Plans, which was recorded by DollyParton, Emmylou Harris and Linda Ronstadt on their Trio album in 1987. 4Download or listen to Fourth of July Music
On July 4, 1776 the Continental Congress adopted the
Declaration of Independence. This declaration
announced to the world that the 13 colonies would
no longer be held by British rule.
Today Americans celebrate by the flying of a flag,
cooking at home (usually a cookout, also known as
a barbecue), and watching a brilliant fireworks
• 1826 ~ Stephen Foster, American composer of songs
More information about Foster
• 1832 ~ It was on this day that America was sung in public for the first time -- at
the Park Street Church in Boston, MA. Dr. Samuel Francis Smith wrote the
words, borrowing the tune from a German songbook. Ironically, and unknown to
Dr. Smith at the time, the melody is the same as the British national anthem.
• 1895 ~ America the Beautiful, the famous song often touted as the true U.S.
national anthem, was originally a poem written by Katherine Lee Bates. The
Wellesley College professor’s poem was first published this day in the
Congregationalist, a church newspaper.
• 1898 ~ Michael Aaron, Piano Educator
• 1900 ~ Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, American jazz trumpeter,
singer and bandleader
Read quotes by and about Armstrong More information about Armstrong
• 1909 ~ Alec Templeton, Pianist
• 1911 ~ Mitch Miller, American conductor, oboist, record company executive, producer,
arranger for the Sing Along with Mitch LPs and TV show
• 1937 ~ Ray Pillow, Singer
• 1938 ~ Bill Withers, Grammy Award-winning songwriter, singer
• 1942 ~ The Irving Berlin musical, This is the Army, opened at New York’s Broadway
Theatre. Net profits of the show were $780,000.
• 1943 ~ Al ‘Blind Owl’ Wilson, Musician, guitarist, harmonica, singer with Canned Heat
• 1943 ~ The Rhythm Boys, Bing Crosby, Al Rinker and Harry Barris, were reunited for
the first time since the 1930s on Paul Whiteman Presents on NBC radio.
• 1948 ~ Jeremy Spencer, Musician, guitarist with Fleetwood Mac
• 1955 ~ John Waite, Singer
• 1958 ~ Kirk Pengily, Rock Musician
• 1985 ~ A crowd, estimated at one million, gathered in Philadelphia to celebrate the 209th anniversary of America’s independence. The Beach Boys were joined by Mr.
T. on drums to really add some fireworks to the festivities. The Oak Ridge
Boys, Joan Jett and Jimmy Page joined in the celebration.
• 2001 ~ Maceo Anderson, a tap dancer and founding member of the Four Step Brothers,
died in Los Angeles at the age of 90.
The group tap danced all over the world, performing for the queen of England and
the emperor of Japan. The Four Step Brothers also performed at Radio City Music
The group started as a trio. In the mid-1920s, the group performed at the Cotton
Club with Duke Ellington, who wrote The Mystery Song for them.
Anderson began dancing as a child in the South. When he was six, he and his
mother moved to a basement apartment in Harlem.
He taught tap dance at his own school in Las Vegas and across the country until 1999. 5 1546 ~ Johann Steuerlein, Composer
• 1654 ~ Antonio Maria Pacchioni, Composer
• 1764 ~ Janos Lavotta, Composer
• 1847 ~ Agnes Marie Jacobina Zimmermann, Composer
• 1852 ~ Stefano Gobatti, Composer
• 1874 ~ Gerhard von Keussler, Composer
• 1877 ~ Wanda Landowska, Harpsichordist
• 1878 ~ Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist, conductor and composer
• 1897 ~ Paul Ben-Haim, Israeli composer and student of Middle Eastern folk music
• 1918 ~ George Rochberg, American composer and music editor
• 1924 ~ Janos Starker, Hungarian-born Grammy Award-winning American cellist.
• 1934 ~ Love in Bloom, sung by Bing Crosby with Irving Aaronson’s orchestra, was
recorded for Brunswick Records in Los Angeles. The song was fairly popular,
but became a much bigger success when comedian Jack Benny made it a popular
• 1944 ~ Robbie Robertson, Musician, composer, guitarist with The Band
• 1950 ~ Michael Monarch, Musician, guitarist with Steppenwolf
• 1951 ~ Huey Lewis (Cregg), Rock Singer
• 1954 ~ Elvis Presley recorded That’s All Right (Mama)
and Blue Moon of Kentucky. It was his first session for Sam Phillips and Sun
Records in Memphis, TN.
• 1965 ~ Maria Callas gave her last stage performance, singing Puccini's opera
"Tosca" at London's Covent Garden.
• 1969 ~ The Rolling Stones gave a free concert in Hyde Park, London, in memory of
Brian Jones, who had died two days before.
• 1983 ~ Placido Domingo's performance
of Puccini's opera La Bohème had one and one half hours of
applause and 83 curtain calls at the State Opera house in Vienna, Austria.
• 2001 ~ Ernie K-Doe, a flamboyant rhythm and blues singer who had a No. 1
hit with Mother-In-Law in 1961, died Thursday. He was 65.
K-Doe, born Ernest Kador Jr., was one of many New Orleans musicians,
including Fats Domino, Aaron Neville and The Dixie Cups, who landed
singles at or near the top of the national charts in the 1950s and
He had a handful of minor hits, such as T'aint it the Truth,Come on Home and Te-Ta-Te-Ta-Ta. But he was forever
associated with his only No. 1 single. Mother-In-Law was
produced by legendary New Orleans producer and songwriter Allen
Toussaint, who also played piano for the recording.
In 1995, K-Doe opened Ernie K-Doe's Mother-In-Law Lounge near the
French Quarter, where he performed on Sundays.
• 2003 ~ Johnny Cash made his last ever live performance when he appeared at the Carter Ranch. Before singing "Ring of Fire", Cash read a statement about his late wife that he had written shortly before taking the stage: “The spirit of June Carter overshadows me tonight with the love she had for me and the love I have for her. We connect somewhere between here and heaven. She came down for a short visit, I guess, from heaven to visit with me tonight to give me courage and inspiration like she always has.” Cash died on Sept 12th of that same year. 6 1865 ~ Emile Jacques-Dalcroze, Composer
• 1925 ~ Bill Haley, American rock-and-roll singer,
songwriter and guitarist with Bill Haley and His Comets
• 1932 ~ Della Reese (Delloreese Patricia Early), Pop Singer
• 1937 ~ Vladimir Ashkenazy, Russian-born Icelandic pianist and conductor
More information about AshkenazyGrammy winner
• 1937 ~ Gene Chandler (Eugene Dixon), Singer
• 1937 ~ The big band classic, Sing, Sing, Sing was recorded by Benny Goodman and his
band. Sitting in on this famous Victor Records session was Gene Krupa, Ziggy
Elman and Harry James.
• 1945 ~ Rik Elswit, Musician, guitarist and singer with Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show
• 1954 ~ Nanci Griffith, Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter
• 1957 ~ John Lennon and Paul McCartney met for the first time at The Woolton Church Parish Fete where The Quarry Men were appearing. As The Quarry Men were setting up for their evening performance, McCartney eager to impress Lennon picked up a guitar and played ‘Twenty Flight Rock’ (Eddie Cochran) and ‘Be-Bop-A-Lula’ (Gene Vincent). Lennon was impressed, and even more so when McCartney showed Lennon and Eric Griffiths how to tune their guitars, something they'd been paying someone else to do for them.
• 1959 ~ Jon Keeble, Musician, drummer with Spandau Balle
• 1971 ~ Louis Armstrong, Jazz musician, died. His groups, the Hot Five and Hot
Seven, from 1925 to 1927, had a revolutionary impact on jazz.
• 1984 ~ Michael Jackson and his brothers started their Victory Tour in Kansas City,
Missouri’s Arrowhead Stadium. The tour turned out to be a victory for the
Jacksons when the nationwide concert tour concluded months later.
• 1998 ~ Roy Rogers, U.S. film actor known as "the singing cowboy", died. 7 1860 ~ Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer and conductor
More information about Mahler
• 1962 ~ Orchestra leader David Rose reached the top spot on the popular music
charts. The Stripper stayed at the pinnacle of musicdom for one week. Rose’s
previous musical success on the charts was in 1944 with Holiday for Strings.
• 2001 ~ Folk singer Fred Neil, who had such hits as Everybody's Talking, and
Candyman, died at the age of 64.
Neil started his music career in 1955 when he moved from St. Petersburg to
Memphis, Tenn. He released his first single, You Ain't Treatin' Me Right/Don'tPut the Blame On Me, two years later.
The singer became a cult favorite in New York City's Greenwich Village folk scene
after Roy Orbison released a blues recording of Neil's Candyman in 1960.
Neil released his first solo album, Bleecker & MacDougal, in 1965. After
moving back to Florida, Neil took an interest in protecting dolphins. He
frequently visited Kathy, the star of the television show Flipper, and
wrote a song called The Dolphins, which was released on his 1967 album
In 1970, Neil co-founded the Dolphin Research Project to help curb the capture
and exploitation of dolphins worldwide.
His last big hit came in 1969 when the film Midnight Cowboy featured singer
Harry Nilsson's version of Neil's Everybody's Talking.
• 2002 ~ Dorle Jarmel Soria, a writer and co-founder of the music label Angel Records,
died. She was 101.
Soria and her husband, Dario Soria, together founded Angel Records, which
distributed some of the labels of EMI, a British company. The label released some
500 recordings, including the work of singer Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, pianist
Walter Gieseking and conductor Herbert von Karajan.
The company was eventually sold by EMI, and the Sorias went on to help found Gian
Carlo Menotti's Festival of Two Worlds in Italy.
Before founding Angel, Soria had a career in journalism and worked for Arthur
Judson, who was a concert manager for the New York Philharmonic.
Soria wrote regularly for several music magazines, and had a weekly column for the
Carnegie Hall program in the 1960s. She also published a book about the history
of the Metropolitan Opera. 8 1574 ~ Giovanni Battista Stefanini, Composer
• 1637 ~ Johann Georg Ebeling, Composer
• 1638 ~ Matteo Coferati, Composer
• 1681 ~ Georg Neumark, Composer, died at the age of 60
• 1957 ~ Henry Fevrier, Composer, died at the age of 81
• 1958 ~ The first gold record album presented by the Recording Industry Association
of America (RIAA) was awarded. It went to the soundtrack LP, Oklahoma!. The
honor signified that the album had reached one million dollars in sales. The
first gold single issued by the RIAA was Catch a Falling Star, by Perry Como,
in March of 1958. A gold single also represents sales of one million records.
• 1961 ~ Andy Fletcher, Musician with Depeche Mode
• 1961 ~ Graham Jones, Musician, guitarist with Haircut 100
• 1961 ~ Julian Bautista, Composer, died at the age of 60
• 1969 ~ Gladys Swarthout, Opera singer and actress (Ambush), died at the age of 64
• 1994 ~ Dominic Lucero, Dancer and singer, died
• 1996 ~ James Woodie Alexander, Songwriter and vocalist, died at the age of 80
• 2002 ~ Lore Noto, producer of "The Fantasticks," the world's longest-running musical,
died after a long battle with cancer. He was 79.
It was Noto, a former actor and artists' agent, who saw the possibilities in a small
one-act musical written by Tom Jones and Harvey Schmidt when it was first produced
in 1959 at Barnard College in New York.
He commissioned the authors to expand the show, which eventually opened at the tiny
Sullivan Street Playhouse in Greenwich Village on May 3, 1960. It ran for 17,162
performances, closing Jan. 13 after a more than 40-year run.
The musical, with book and lyrics by Jones and music by Schmidt, told an affecting
tale of first love. A girl and boy are secretly brought together by their fathers
and an assortment of odd characters including a rakish narrator, an old actor, an
Indian named Mortimer and a Mute.
Over the years, scores of performers appeared in the New York production. Among the
musical's better-known alums are its original El Gallo, Jerry Orbach, and such
soap-opera stars as Eileen Fulton and David Canary. F. Murray Abraham, long before
his Academy Award for "Amadeus", played the Old Actor in the '60s.
Early in the show's run, Noto went on in the role of the boy's father and played the
part, off and on, for 17 years. 9 1607 ~ God Save the King was first sung
• 1656 ~ Michelangelo Rossi, Italian opera Composer, buried. He was about 55
• 1972 ~ Paul McCartney appeared on stage for the first time since 1966 as his group,
Wings, opened at Chateauvillon in the south of France.
• 1977 ~ Undercover Angel, by songwriter (turned pop singer) Alan O’Day, reached the
top spot on the Billboard chart. It was not the first visit to the top of the
pop music world for O’Day, though the million-seller would be his last as a
singer. He wrote Angie Baby, a number one hit for Helen Reddy and the #3 hit,
Rock And Roll Heaven, for The Righteous Brothers.
• 1895 ~ Carl Orff, German composer
More information about Orff
• 1900 ~ Elsie Evelyn Laye, English singer and actress
• 1900 ~ One of the most famous trademarks in the world, ‘His Master’s Voice’, was
registered with the U.S. Patent Office. The logo of the Victor Recording Company,
and later, RCA Victor, shows the dog, Nipper, looking into the horn of a
• 1980 ~ Jessica Simpson, Pop singer who released her debut hit album "Sweet Kisses" in 1999 in Texas.
• 1982 ~ Maria Jeritza (Jedlicka) Austrian and American singer at the Metropolitan
• 1983 ~ Werner Egk, German composer, died at the age of 82
• 2001 ~ James "Chuck" Cuminale, a musician whose quirky rock band Colorblind James
Experience won acclaim in England in the late 1980s, was died at the age of 49.
Although Cuminale's band never achieved commercial success, it picked up a cult
following in parts of Europe after John Peel, an influential radio personality
in London, began playing its music in 1987.
• 2002 ~ Alan Shulman, a professional cellist who composed scores for orchestras and
chamber groups, died at the age of 86.
Shulman composed A Laurentian Overture, which premiered with the New York
Philharmonic in 1952, as well as Cello Concerto and Neo-Classical Theme and
Variations for Viola and Piano.
Born in Baltimore, Shulman studied at the Peabody Conservatory and trained at the
Juilliard School with cellist Felix Salmond and composer Bernard Wagenaar. He was
a founding member of the NBC Symphony Orchestra, which was formed in 1937.
Shulman performed with the orchestra until 1942, when he joined the United States
Maritime Service. He returned to the NBC Symphony in 1948, and continued to
perform with the orchestra and its successor until 1957.
Shulman formed the Stuyvesant String Quartet with his brother, the violist Slyvan
Shulman, in 1938, and played with several other chamber ensembles. 11 1768 ~ Jose Melchior de Nebra Blascu, Composer, died at the age of 66
• 1781 ~ Adolph Carl Kunzen, Composer, died at the age of 60
• 1824 ~ Adolphe-Abraham Samuel, Composer
• 1826 ~ Carl Bernhard Wessely, Composer, died at the age of 57
• 1938 ~ Terry Garthwaite, American guitarist and singer
• 1944 ~ Bobby Rice, Singer
• 1945 ~ Debbie Harry, Singer
• 1947 ~ Jeff Hanna, Singer, guitarist with Nitty Gritty Dirt Band
• 1950 ~ Patty Pointer, Singer with Pointer Sisters
• 1950 ~ Timotei Popovici, Composer, died at the age of 79
• 1951 ~ Bonnie Pointer, Singer with Pointer Sisters
• 1957 ~ Peter Murphy, Singer with Bauhaus
• 1959 ~ Richie Sambora, Guitarist
• 1964 ~ 18-year-old Millie Small was riding high on the pop music charts with My BoyLollipop. Rod Stewart played harmonica. Millie Small was known as the ’Blue Beat
Girl’ in Jamaica, her homeland.
• 1967 ~ Kenny Rogers formed The First Edition just one day after he and members Thelma
Camacho, Mike Settle and Terry Williams left The New Christy Minstrels. The First
Edition hosted a syndicated TV variety show in 1972.
• 1969 ~ David Bowie released Space Oddity in the UK for the first time. It was timed to coincide with the Apollo moon landing but had to be re-released before it became a hit, later in the year in the UK (but not until 1973 in the US).
• 1969 ~ Rolling Stones released Honky Tonk Woman
• 1973 ~ Alexander Vasilyevich Mosolov, Russian Composer, died at the age of 72
• 1980 ~ Boleslaw Woytowicz, Composer, died at the age of 80
• 1984 ~ Karel Mengelberg, Composer, died at the age of 81
• 1993 ~ Mario Bauza, Cuban/American jazz musician ~ died at the age of 82
• 1994 ~ Charles "Lefty" Edwards, Saxophonist, died at the age of 67
• 1994 ~ Lex P Humphries, Drummer, died at the age of 57
• 1996 ~ Louis Gottlieb, Musician, died at the age of 72
• 2001 ~ Herman Brood, an artist and musician in the Dutch rock scene for 30 years,
died at the age of 55.
Brood became a sensation with his 1978 hit single Saturday Night, which he wrote
as leader of the band Wild Romance. Over 25 years, he recorded nearly 20
albums. He also appeared in Dutch movies.
• 2002 ~ Blues singer Rosco Gordon died of a heart attack. He was 74.
Rosco was known for 1950s hits including Booted, No More Doggin', Do theChicken and Just a Little Bit, which sold more than 4 million copies in
covers by Etta James, Elvis Presley, the Beatles and Jerry Butler.
His offbeat, rhythmic style influenced the early sounds of ska and reggae after
he toured the Caribbean in the late '50s. Gordon quit the music business in
the 1960s and invested his winnings from a poker game in a dry cleaning
He started his own record label in 1969 and returned to concert performances in 1981. 12 1633 ~ Simon Besler, Composer, died at the age of 49
• 1757 ~ Christian Danner, Composer
• 1773 ~ Johann Joachim Quantz, German royal flautist and composer, died at the age of 76
• 1947 ~ James Melvin Lunceford, American jazz dance-band leader, passed away
More information about Lunceford
• 1949 ~ John Wetton, Bassist, singer with Asia
• 1952 ~ Liz Mitchell, Singer
• 1953 ~ Marie-Alphonse-Nicolas-Joseph Jongen, Belgian composer, died at the age of 79
• 1956 ~ Sandi Patti, Gospel Singer
• 1958 ~ "Li'l Abner" closed at St James Theater New York City after 693 performances
• 1958 ~ Yakety Yak, by The Coasters, became the number one song in America according to
Billboard magazine. It was the first stereo record to reach the top of the chart.
• 1962 ~ The Rolling Stones first performance, at the Marquee Club, London. The
lineup featured Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Brian Jones, bass player Dick
Taylor and drummer Mick Avory. Taylor and Avory were soon replaced.
• 1995 ~ Alan David Marks, Pianist and composer, died at the age of 49
• 1995 ~ Earl Coleman, Singer, died at the age of 69
• 1995 ~ Ernie Furtado, Bassist, died at the age of 72
• 1996 ~ Gottfried von Einem, Composer, died at the age of 78
• 1996 ~ Jonathan Melvoin, Keyboardist with Smashing Pumpkins, died
• 2000 ~ Ras Shorty I, who fused calypso with an up-tempo beat that he said
represented the true soul of calypso, died of bone cancer. He was 59.
He was born Garfield Blackman and started singing calypso as Lord Shorty.
Dozens of musicians later adopted his up-tempo "soca" beat, which he called
the "Indianization of calypso," bringing together the music of his Caribbean
nation's two major ethnic groups, descendants of African slaves and of
indentured laborers from India.
• 2001 ~ James Bernard, who composed the eerie musical scores for some of Britain's
most famous horror films, died at the age of 75.
The British composer was best known for his work with Hammer Film studios, which
made low-budget gothic horror films featuring actors Peter Cushing and
During his nearly 40-year career, Bernard composed scores for "The Curse of
Frankenstein" (1957), "Dracula" (1958) and "The Devil Rides Out" (1968).
He won an Academy Award, but not for his music. Bernard shared an Oscar in 1951
with Paul Dehn for best motion picture story for "Seven Days to Noon."
His last work was the score for "Universal Horror" in 1998, a documentary of
Universal Studios' horror films of the 1930s and 1940s. 13 1668 ~ Van Marco Cesti's opera "Il Pomo d'Oro," premiered in Vienna
• 1813 ~ Johann Friedrich Peter, Composer, died at the age of 67
• 1844 ~ Johann Gansbacher, Composer, died at the age of 66
• 1889 ~ Carli Zoeller, Composer, died at the age of 49
• 1891 ~ Franco Casavola, Composer
• 1894 ~ Juventino Rosas, Composer, died at the age of 26
• 1898 ~ Guglielmo Marconi patented the radio
• 1903 ~ August Reissmann, Composer, died at the age of 77
• 1906 ~ Harry Sosnik, American orchestra leader of the Jack Carter Show and Your Hit Parade
• 1909 ~ David Branson, Composer
• 1909 ~ Paul Constantinescu, Composer
• 1909 ~ Washington Castro, Composer
• 1913 ~ Ladislav Holoubek, Composer
• 1915 ~ Paul Williams, Jazz saxophonist and band leader
Williams played with Clarence Dorsey in 1946, and then made his recording debut with
King Porter in 1947 for Paradise before forming his own band later that year.
More information about Williams
• 1921 ~ Ernest Gold, Composer
• 1921 ~ Charles Scribner Jr, Music publisher
• 1923 ~ Asger Hamerik (Hammerich) German composer, died at the age of 80
• 1924 ~ Carlo Bergonzi, Italian tenor
• 1926 ~ Meyer Kupferman, American composer
• 1928 ~ Donal Michalsky, Composer
• 1932 ~ Per Nørgård, Danish composer
More information about Nørgård
• 1934 ~ Roger Reynolds, Composer
• 1936 ~ Izydor Lotto, Composer, died at the age of 91
• 1939 ~ Frank Sinatra made his recording debut with the
Harry James band. Frankie sang Melancholy Mood and From the Bottom of My Heart.
• 1942 ~ Roger McGuinn, Musician, guitarist and vocalist with the Byrds (1965 US & UK No.1 single 'Mr Tambourine Man'). He was the only member of The Byrds to play on the hit, the others being session players. He toured with Bob Dylan in 1975 and 1976 as part of Dylan's Rolling Thunder Revue, and later worked with fellow ex-Byrds Gene Clark and Chris Hillman to form "McGuinn, Clark and Hillman".
• 1951 ~ Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian-born composer, died in Los Angeles; he was best
known for his 12-note serial method and his composition Verklaerte Nacht and
his opera "Moses und Aaron."
More information about Schoenberg
• 1942 ~ Stephen Jo Bladd , American drummer with the J Geils Band
• 1954 ~ Louise Mandrell, American country singer with the Mandrell Sisters
• 1958 ~ Karl Erb, German tenor, died on 81st birthday
• 1959 ~ Dedicated to the One I Love, by The Shirelles, was released. The tune went to
number 83 on the Top 100 chart of "Billboard" magazine. The song was re-released
in 1961 and made it to number three on the charts.
• 1961 ~ Lawrence Donegan, Musician, bass with Lloyd Cole & The Commotions
• 1965 ~ Neil Thrasher, Country Singer
• 1973 ~ Martian Negrea, Composer, died at the age of 80
• 1973 ~ The Everly Brothers called it quits during a concert at the John Wayne Theatre
in Buena Park, CA. Phil Everly walked off the stage in the middle of the show
and brother Don said, "The Everly Brothers died ten years ago." The duo reunited
a decade later for a short time.
• 1976 ~ Max Butting, Composer, died at the age of 87
• 1978 ~ Antonio Veretti, Composer, died at the age of 78
• 1985 ~ Duran Duran took A View to a Kill, from the James Bond movie of the same name,
to the top of the record charts this day. The song stayed on top for two weeks.
Live and Let Die by Wings and Nobody Does It Better by Carly Simon -- both James
Bond themes -- got only as high as number two on the record charts.
• 1985 ~ Live Aid, a rock concert masterminded by Bob Geldof, took place in London and
Philadelphia and raised over 60 million dollars for famine in Africa.
• 1992 ~ Carla van Neste, Belgian violinist, died at the age of 78
• 1994 ~ Eddie Boyd, Blues vocalist and pianist, died at the age of 79 14Bastille Day (France)
• 1789 ~ This was the day the French Revolution began -- at the fall of the
Bastille. It is still celebrated in many countries throughout the world and is
a public holiday in France; generally called Bastille Day or Fete National. It
is considered the day freedom was born in France.
• 1788 ~ Johann Gottfried Muthel, Composer, died at the age of 60
• 1803 ~ Esteban Salas y Castro, Composer, died
• 1839 ~ Edward Sydney Smith, Composer
• 1844 ~ Oscar Beringer, Pianist
• 1854 ~ Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov, Composer
• 1855 ~ Richard Samuel Hughes, Composer
• 1873 ~ Ferdinand David, Dutch violinist and composer, died at the age of 63
• 1883 ~ Alexandru Zirra, Composer
• 1895 ~ Alexander Ewing, Composer, died at the age of 65
• 1901 ~ Gerald Raphael Finzi, British composer
• 1906 ~ Arthur James Bramwell Hutchings, Composer
• 1908 ~ William Mason, Composer, died at the age of 79
• 1910 ~ Peter Stadlen, Pianist, critic
• 1912 ~ Woody (Woodrow Wilson) Guthrie born. He was the ‘father of modern American folk
music’, American folk singer, songwriter of more than 1,000 original songs and
author and father of folk singer Arlo Guthrie
• 1917 ~ Arthur Leavins, Violinist
• 1922 ~ Peter Andrew Tranchell, Composer
• 1923 ~ Louis Ganne, Composer, died at the age of 61
• 1925 ~ Luis Antonio Escobar, Composer
• 1926 ~ Jan Krenz, Composer
• 1927 ~ Alexander Popov, Bulgarian composer
• 1928 ~ Ole Schmidt, Composer
• 1929 ~ George Alan Dawson, Jazz drummer, teacher
• 1930 ~ Eric Norman Stokes, Composer
• 1930 ~ Polly Bergen, Pop Singer
• 1933 ~ Del (Franklin Delano) Reeves, Singer, guitarist
• 1951 ~ "Courtin' Time" closed at National Theater New York City after 37 performances
• 1951 ~ "Make a Wish" closed at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 102 performances
• 1952 ~ George Louis Francis Lewis, Composer
• 1956 ~ Jaroslav Ridky, Composer, died at the age of 58
• 1962 ~ Bobby Vinton’sRoses are Red became the top song in the U.S. The song stayed
at the top for four weeks and was the first of four #1 hits for Vinton. The
others were: Blue Velvet, There! I’ve Said It Again and Mr. Lonely. Roses areRed was also Vinton’s first million-seller. He had two others: I Love How YouLove Me (#9 in 1968) and My Melody of Love (#3 in 1974.)
• 1996 ~ "How To Succeed Business..." closed at Richard Rodgers New York City after 548
• 1996 ~ "Thousand Clowns" opened at Criterion Theater New York City for 32 performances
• 2001 ~ Norman Singer, a teacher and director of several music organizations in New
York City, died at the age of 80.
Singer began his career in the arts in 1948 as a psychology and sociology teacher
at the Juilliard School.
Dance played a major role in programming when Singer served as executive director
of the City Center of Music and Drama from 1968 to 1975.
He was the executive director of the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center from
• 1975 until his retirement in 1981. 15 1738 ~ Antonio Maria Pacchioni, Composer, died at the age of 84
• 1779 ~ Clement Moore, Lyricist, author of ’Twas the Night before Christmas (A Visit
from St. Nicholas) born
• 1782 ~ Farinelli, Italian singer, died at the age of 77
• 1789 ~ Jacques Duphly, Composer, died at the age of 74
• 1795 ~ Marseillaise became the French national anthem
• 1798 ~ Gaetano Pugnani, Composer, died at the age of 66
• 1810 ~ Jean-Baptiste Rey, Composer, died at the age of 75
• 1854 ~ Wincenty Studzinski, Composer, died at the age of 39
• 1857 ~ Carl Czerny, Austrian pianist and Composer, died at the age of 66
More information on Czerny
• 1905 ~ Dorothy Fields born, Composer,lyricist with Cy Coleman of Sweet Charity and
Seesaw; with Jimmy McHugh - I Can’t Give You Anything But Love, I’m inthe Mood for Love and On the Sunny Side of the Street. She was the daughter
of comedian Lew Fields
• 1915 ~ Ludwik Grossman, Composer, died at the age of 80
• 1929 ~ Hugo von Hofmannstahl, Austrian author and librettist, died. He was best known
for his collaboration with composer Richard Strauss for whom he wrote the
libretto to the opera "Der Rosenkavelier."
• 1930 ~ Leopold von Auer, Hungarian-American violinist, died
• 1933 ~ Julian Bream, British guitarist and lutenist
• 1934 ~ Harrison Birtwistle, British composer
• 1940 ~ Tommy Dee (Thomas Donaldson) Singer and record company executive
• 1942 ~ Glenn Miller and his band recorded the classic Jukebox Saturday Night for
• 2000 ~ Canadian baritone Louis Quilico, who sang many of the most famous opera roles,
died after complications from surgery. He was 75.
• 2000 ~ Singer Paul Young, who found fame with the band Mike and the Mechanics, died
from what might have been a heart attack at the age of 53.
The band just finished recording their fifth album and had planned to tour Europe
• 2001 ~ Denes Koromzay, a violist who helped found the Hungarian String Quartet, died
at the age of 88.
Koromzay studied at the Franz Liszt Academy in Budapest when composer Béla Bartók
was on the faculty.
Though trained as a violinist, Koromzay was the violist in the group that founded
the Hungarian String Quartet in 1935. He remained with the famed ensemble until
it disbanded in 1972.
For the next seven years, he performed with the New Hungarian Quartet, an
ensemble at Oberlin Conservatory in Ohio.
Koromzay moved to Boulder in 1962, when the Hungarian String Quartet was named
resident ensemble at the University of Colorado. He returned to the university
to teach viola and coach chamber music in 1980. He retired from the school in 1996. 16 1698 ~ Cristoph Kaldenbach, Composer, died at the age of 84
• 1725 ~ Georg Simon Lohlein, Composer
• 1728 ~ Henri Moreau, Composer
• 1729 ~ Johann David Heinichen, Composer, died at the age of 46
• 1762 ~ Jacques Hotteterre, Composer, died at the age of 87
• 1972 ~ Max Zehnder, Composer, died at the age of 70
• 1981 ~ Harry Chapin, Folk vocalist, died in a car crash in New York.
Chapin was 38. His hit songs included Taxi, W-O-L-D and the million seller,
Cat’s in the Cradle. He was a champion of the hungry and homeless and
organized a massive effort to provide food for the needy. This was his legacy
to the world; his work continues by other performers.
• 1984 ~ Billy Williams, Singer in Your Show of Shows, died at the age of 73
• 1985 ~ Wayne King, Orchestra leader, Wayne King Show, died at the age of 84
• 1986 ~ Columbia Records announced that after 28 years with the label, the contract
of country star Johnny Cash would not be renewed. Cash recorded 13 hits on the
pop music charts from 1956 to 1976, all but four on Columbia. The others were
on Sam Phillips' Memphis-based label, Sun. Cash’s biggest hit for Columbia was
A Boy Named Sue in 1969.
• 1989 ~ Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor, died at the age of 81.
He was one of the great conductors of the 20th century, dominating the post-
war world of music in the concert hall, opera house and recording studio.
• 1875 ~ Donald Francis Tovey, English, musicologist and composer
• 1876 ~ Vittorio Gnecchi, Composer
• 1878 ~ Henri Zagwijn, Composer
• 1885 ~ Benjamin James Dale, Composer
• 1904 ~ Jef Alpaerts, Flemish pianist and conductor
• 1908 ~ Rudolf Petzold, Composer
• 1913 ~ Everett Helm, Composer
• 1915 ~ Esther Williamson Ballou, Composer
• 1916 ~ Eleanor Steber, American soprano. She was an internationally acclaimed
Metropolitan Opera diva, appeared in 50 different leading operatic roles,
heard in more premiers at the Met than any other artist.
• 1928 ~ Vince Guaraldi, Pianist on the Charlie Brown TV specials
• 1933 ~ Mimi Hines, Pop singer in Ford & Hines (with husband, Phil Ford) and Broadway
• 1939 ~ Spencer Davis, Musician with Spencer Davis Group
• 1939 ~ Charlie Barnet and his orchestra recorded Cherokee for Bluebird Records. Listen
carefully and you’ll hear the horn of Billy May on the piece.
• 1952 ~ Phoebe Snow, American singer of popular music
• 1952 ~ Nicolette Larson, Singer
• 1954 ~ The first Newport Jazz Festival was held on the grass tennis courts of the
Newport Casino in Newport RI. Eddie Condon and his band played Muskrat Ramble as
the opening number of the world’s first jazz fest.
• 1961 ~ Rocker Bobby Lewis was starting week #2 of a seven-week stay at number one
(one, one, one) on the pop-music charts with his smash, Tossin’ and Turnin’.
Lewis, who grew up in an orphanage, learned to play the piano at age 5. He became
popular in the Detroit, MI area before moving on to fame and fortune with
• 1967 ~ Monkees performed at Forest Hills NY as Jimi Hendrix's opening act
• 1968 ~ The Beatles' feature-length cartoon, Yellow
Submarine, premiered at the London Pavilion.
The song, Yellow Submarine, had been a #2 hit for the supergroup (9/17/66) and
was the inspiration for the movie.
• 1987 ~ "Les Miserables" opened at Imperial Theatre in Tokyo
• 2002 ~ Lee Maye, a singer who played in the Milwaukee Braves outfield with Hank
Aaron in the 1960s, died. He was 67.
Maye began his 13-year major league career in 1959 and played with the Braves
from 1959 to 1965. He later played for the Houston Astros, Cleveland
Indians, Washington Senators and Chicago White Sox before retiring in 1971.
Maye had a lifetime average of .274 and was admired for his ability to juggle
his baseball and music careers.
He performed with two doo-wop groups - Arthur Lee Maye and the Crowns, and
Country Boys & City Girls - and sometimes sang with The Platters.
He produced several popular singles during his 1960s recording career,
including Gloria, Cool Loving and I Wanna Love. 18 0064 ~ Rome burned on this day - while Nero fiddled, literally.
• 1941 ~ Martha Reeves, American Rhythm and Blues singer with Martha and the Vandellas
• 1964 ~ The 4 Seasons reached the top spot on the record charts with Rag Doll, the
group’s fourth hit to climb to the #1 position. The song stayed on top for two
weeks. Other #1 hits by Frankie Valli and company include, Big Girls Don’t Cry,
Walk Like a Man, and December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night).
• 1968 ~ Hugh Masekela struck gold with the breezy, latin-soul instrumental Grazing in
the Grass, while Gary Puckett and The Union Gap received a similar honor for the
hit, Lady Willpower. Masekela, a trumpeter since age 14, saw Grazing in the Grass
go to number one for two weeks (July 20/27). Grazing was his only entry on the
pop music charts. The Union Gap scored three more million-sellers in the late
• 1960s: Woman, Woman, Young Girl and Over You. The Union Gap was formed in 1967
and named after the town of Union Gap, Washington.
• 1983 ~ Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel took to the road to begin a 19-city tour beginning
in Akron, OH. It was the first tour by the popular singing duo since their
success in the 1960s.
• 2001 ~ Mimi Farina, sister of folk singer Joan Baez and founder of an organization
that brought free live music performances to the sick and imprisoned, died of
complications related to cancer. She was 56.
She founded Bread & Roses in 1974. The organization produced 500 shows annually
for audiences in senior centers, psychiatric, rehabilitation and correctional
facilities as well as centers for abused and neglected children.
Long part of the San Francisco Bay area's folk music elite as a singer herself,
Farina drew many fellow musical luminaries to take part in performances. Her
sister, Jackson Browne, Taj Mahal, Bonnie Raitt and Peter, Paul and Mary all
volunteered their services to make Bread & Roses and long running success.
Farina was the youngest of three daughters and was raised a Quaker alongside
siblings Joan Baez and Pauline Bryan.
She learned the guitar with her sister Joan during the folk music revival of the
late 1950s and frequently played the folk scene around Harvard Square in
• 2002 ~ Seymour Solomon, co-founder of Vanguard Records, a label that dominated
American folk music with stars such as Joan Baez, died. He was 80.
Solomon founded Vanguard in 1950 with his brother, Maynard. The label recorded
famed artists like Odetta, Baez and Buffy Sainte-Marie. It also signed such
jazz and blues legends as Mississippi John Hurt and Buddy Guy and maintained
a strong classical list.
From its earliest days, the Solomons took risks, signing performers like the
Weavers and Paul Robeson who had been blacklisted during the McCarthy era.
Starting in 1959, Vanguard recorded the Newport Folk Festival, and later
recorded the Newport Jazz festival as well.
Solomon and his brother sold Vanguard in 1985 to the Welk Record Group, and
three years later opened Omega Classics. He later bought back Vanguard's old
classical catalog and reissued it on compact disc.
Solomon had studied violin at the Juilliard School and played in the Air Corps
Orchestra during World War II. After the war, he studied musicology and
worked as a critic and commentator for music magazines and radio stations. 19 1592 ~ Erhard Buttner, Composer
• 1735 ~ Garret Wesley Mornington, Composer
• 1742 ~ Jean-Baptiste Davaux, Composer
• 1750 ~ Alessio Prati, Composer
• 1782 ~ Jonathan Blewitt, Composer
• 1789 ~ John Martin, English painter
• 1797 ~ Johann Gottlieb Schneider, Composer
• 1811 ~ Vincenz Lachner, German organist, conductor and composer
• 1906 ~ Klauss Egge, Norwegian composer
• 1913 ~ Charles Teagarden, trumpeter, bandleader, brother of Jack
• 1926 ~ Sue Thompson (Eva McKee), singer of Norman and Sad Movies (Make Me Cry)
• 1937 ~ George Hamilton IV, Singer
• 1939 ~ Jack Teagarden and his orchestra recorded Aunt Hagar’s Blues for Columbia
Records. Teagarden provided the vocal on the session recorded in Chicago, IL.
• 1941 ~ Natalya Besamertnova, Ballet Dancer with the Bolshoi ballet
• 1946 ~ Alan Gorrie, Rock Singer with the Average White Band
• 1947 ~ Bernie Leadon, Musician, guitar with The Eagles
• 1947 ~ Brian Harold May, Musician, guitarist, singer and songwriter with Queen, who had the 1975 UK No.1 single Bohemian Rhapsody, which returned to No.1 in 1991. Queen scored over 40 other UK Top 40 singles, and also scored the 1980 US No.1 single Crazy Little Thing Called Love. May had the solo 1992 UK No.5 single Too Much Love Will Kill You. May was made Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2005 for 'services to the music industry and his charity work'. May earned a PhD in astrophysics from Imperial College, London, in 2007.
• 1949 ~ Singer Harry Belafonte began recording for Capitol Records on this day. The
first sessions included They Didn’t Believe Me and Close Your Eyes. A short time
later, Capitol said Belafonte wasn’t "commercial enough," so he signed with RCA
Victor (for a very productive and commercial career).
• 1952 ~ Allen Collins, Musician, guitar with Lynyrd Skynyrd
• 1952 ~ "Paint Your Wagon" closed at Shubert Theater New York City after 289 performances
• 1980 ~ Billy Joel, pianist, singer-songwriter, and composer, earned his first gold record with It’s Still Rock and Roll to Me,
which reached the top of the Billboard pop music chart. He would score additional
million-sellers with Just the Way You Are, My Life, Uptown Girl (for girlfriend
and later, wife and supermodel Christie Brinkley) and We Didn’t Start the Fire.
Joel reached the top only one other time, with Tell Her About It in 1983.
• 2000 ~ H. LeBaron Taylor, a Sony executive who pioneered the mass marketing of music
rooted in black culture and fostered minority development in the corporate
world, died at the age of 65 of a heart attack. He was recognized by Ebony
magazine as one of the top 50 black executives in corporate America. In the 1970s, Taylor was at CBS Records, leading its Black Music Marketing department,
which sold music originating in black culture and styles that sprang from it,
such as blues, soul, rap and hip-hop. 20 1872 ~ Déodat de Séeverac, French composer
• 1913 ~ Sally Ann Howes, Singer
• 1932 ~ Nam June Paik, Korean-born American avant-guarde composer
• 1938 ~ Jo Ann Campbell, Singer
• 1940 ~ Billboard magazine published its first listing of best-selling singles. 10
tunes were listed.
• 1943 ~ John Lodge, Guitar with Justin Hayward, singer with the Moody Blues
• 1944 ~ T.G. Shepherd (William Bowder), Country Singer
• 1946 ~ Kim Carnes, Grammy Award-winning singer, co-wrote score to Flashdance
• 1946 ~ John Almond, Reeds, keyboards, vibes with Johnny Almond and the Music Machine
• 1947 ~ Carlos Santana, Mexican-born American rock guitarist
• 1958 ~ Mick McNeil, Keyboards with Simple Minds
• 1961 ~ Stop the World, I Want to Get Off opened in London. The show went to Broadway
• 1963 ~ Dino Esposito, Singer
• 1963 ~ Ray Conniff received two gold-record awards - for the albums, Concert in Rhythm
and Memories are Made of This - on Columbia Records. Conniff recorded dozens of
albums of easy listening music for the label. He had been a trombonist and
arranger with Bunny Berigan, Bob Crosby, Harry James, Vaughn Monroe and Artie Shaw.
• 1964 ~ Chris Cornell, Grammy Award-winning musician: drums, singer, songwriter with
• 1966 ~ Stone Gossard, Rock Musician 21 1748 ~ Louis-Henry Paisible, Composer
• 1779 ~ Gottlob Wiedebein, Composer
• 1782 ~ Placidus Cajetan von Camerloher, Composer, died at the age of 63
• 1870 ~ Josef Strauss, Austrian composer, died at the age of 42
• 1896 ~ Jean Rivier-Villemomble France, Composer
• 1898 ~ Ernest Willem Mulder, Composer
• 1898 ~ Sara Carter, Vocalist/guitarist with the Carter Family
• 1903 ~ Theodore Karyotakis, Composer
• 1906 ~ Daniel Ayala Perez, Composer
• 1915 ~ Floyd McDaniel ~ blues singer/guitarist
1920 ~ Isaac Stern, American concert violinist
Read quotes by and about Stern More information about Stern
• 1920 ~ Manuel Valls Gorina, Composer
• 1921 ~ Billy Taylor, Orchestra leader on the David Frost Show
• 1922 ~ Kay Starr (Katherine Starks), Pop Singer
• 1925 ~ Lovro Zupanovic, Composer
• 1926 ~ Albert Fuller, American harpsichordist
• 1926 ~ Norman Jewison, Director of Jesus Christ, Superstar, Fiddler on the Roof
• 1927 ~ Stefan Niculescu, Composer
• 1931 ~ Leon Schidlowsky, Composer
• 1931 ~ Ted Husing was master of ceremonies for the very first CBS-TV program. The gala
show featured singer Kate Smith, composer George Gershwin and New York City Mayor
• 1935 ~ Kaye Stevens, Singer and comedienne on the Jerry Lewis Show
• 1938 ~ Anton Emil Kuerti, Composer
• 1938 ~ Paul Hindemith and Leonide Massines ballet premiered in London
• 1947 ~ Cat Stevens (Steven Demitri Georgiou) (Muslim name: Yusuf Islam), British
folk-rock singer and songwriter
• 1948 ~ Donald Nichols Tweedy, Composer, died at the age of 58
• 1950 ~ Albert Riemenschneider, Composer, died at the age of 71
• 1958 ~ The last of Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts programs aired on CBS-TV. Many
artists got their start on Talent Scouts, including Tony Bennett, Pat Boone, The
McGuire Sisters and a singer named Connie Francis, who not only sang, but played
the accordion, as well.
• 1969 ~ Just one day after Neil Armstrong set foot on the moon, Duke Ellington and a
portion of his band performed a 10-minute composition on ABC-TV titled Moon
Maiden. The work featured piano, drums, bass and vocals.
• 1973 ~ Bad, Bad Leroy Brown reached the top spot on the Billboard pop-singles chart,
becoming Jim Croce's first big hit. Croce died in a plane crash two months later
(September 20, 1973).
• 1976 ~ "Guys & Dolls" opened at Broadway Theater New York City for 239 performances
• 1995 ~ Edwin "Russell" House, Saxophonist, died at the age of 65
• 2000 ~ Iain Hamilton, the Scottish composer who turned Tolstoy's "Anna Karenina" into
an opera at the age of 78. Hamilton wrote four symphonies and dozens of
orchestral and chamber works but is known best for his vocal music, which
includes a cantata based on the poems of Robert Burns. "Anna Karenina" premiered
at the English National Opera in 1981 to critical acclaim.
His other operas include "Agamemnon", "The Catiline Conspiracy", based on a Ben
Jonson play, and an adaptation of Peter Shaffer's play "The Royal Hunt of the
Sun". From 1961 to 1978 he was a professor of music at Duke University in North
• 2001 ~ Norman Hall Wright, the last surviving writer who worked on the Disney film
Fantasia 2000, died at the age of 91.
Wright studied at the University of Southern California before being hired by
Walt Disney Productions. He started as an animator but later became a writer,
producer and director.
Wright developed the story of The Nutcracker Suite sequence for Fantasia 2000. He also
was responsible for a sequence in Bambi.
He wrote several cartoon shorts for Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, and Goofy and also
produced several Wonderful World of Disney television programs.
• 2002 ~ Gus Dudgeon, a respected music producer who worked on many of Elton John's
hit recordings, died in a car crash in western England. He was 59.
Dudgeon produced Rocket Man,Goodbye Yellow Brick Road,Your Song,Daniel and Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me.
Dudgeon also produced David Bowie'sSpace Oddity and worked with other
stars, including Chris Rea and Joan Armatrading.
But it was his partnership with Sir Elton in the 1970s for which he will be
Dudgeon began his career in the early 1960s as a tea boy, running errands at
Olympic Studios in London before joining Decca Records.
He engineered the Zombies' classic She's Not There and the groundbreaking
Blues Breakers album by John Mayall with Eric Clapton, before moving into
• 2015 ~ Theodore Meir Bikel, Austrian-American actor, folk singer, musician, composer, and activist, died at the age of 91.
22 1597 ~ Virgilio Mazzocchi, Composer
• 1635 ~ Pietro Antonio Tamburini, Composer, died at the age of 45
• 1913 ~ Licia Albanese, Italian-born American soprano. She is best remembered
for her roles at New York's Metropolitan Opera and for her recording of La Boheme
conducted by Arturo Toscanini.
• 1919 ~ De Falla and Massine's "Three-cornered Hat", premiered in London
• 1924 ~ Margaret Whiting, Pop Singer
• 1932 ~ Florenz Ziegfeld, U.S. theatrical producer and impresario, died. He was famed
for his "Follies" spectacular revues which ran every year from 1907 to 1931.
• 1933 ~ Caterina Jarboro became the first black prima donna of an opera company. The
singer performed Verdi’s "Aida" with the Chicago Opera Company at the Hippodrome in
New York City.
• 1937 ~ Chuck Jackson, Singer
• 1937 ~ Hal Kemp and his orchestra recorded the now-standard tune, Got a Date with an
Angel, for Victor Records in Hollywood, California. The distinctive vocal on the
tune is provided by Skinnay Ennis.
• 1940 ~ George Clinton, Singer
• 1941 ~ Thomas Wayne (Perkins), Singer
• 1944 ~ Estelle Bennett, Singer with The Ronettes
• 1944 ~ Richard Davies, Keyboards, singer with Supertramp
• 1945 ~ Bobby Sherman, Singer, actor and founder of TAC-5, a paramedics group
• 1947 ~ Don Henley, Drummer, singer with Shiloh; The Eagles, songwriter
• 1963 ~ The Beatles released "Introducing the Beatles"
• 1967 ~ The Billboard singles chart showed that Windy, by The Association, was the most
popular record in the U.S. for the fourth straight week. The Los Angeles~based
sextet would make way for Jim Morrison and The Doors a week later when Light My
Fire became the hottest record of the mid~summer.
• 1977 ~ Tony Orlando announced his retirement from show business. Orlando was
performing in Cohasset, MA when he said that he had finally decided to call it
quits. Orlando had two solo hits in 1961 (Halfway to Paradise and Bless You) and 14 hits with his backup singers,Telma Hopkins and Joyce Vincent, (known as Dawn)
through the mid~1970s. He also hosted a weekly TV variety show with Dawn from 1974~1976.
• 1985 ~ Bruce Springsteen became the hottest ticket in the rock concert biz as 70,000
Cleveland fans lined up (in less than three hours) to grab tickets to see the ‘Boss’.
• 2001 ~ Bob Ferguson, who wrote the standard Wings of a Dove and
produced records for Dolly Parton, Porter Wagoner and other country
music stars, died at the age of 73.
Ferguson, a native of Willow Springs, Mo., was hired in 1955 to produce
films for the Tennessee Game & Fish Commission. He worked there until 1960, when he wrote and produced the No. 1 hit Wings of a Dove
for Ferlin Husky.
As a staff producer at RCA Records in the 1960s and early '70s,
Ferguson worked with artists like Parton, Connie Smith, Danny Davis
and the Nashville Brass, Jim Ed Brown, George Hamilton IV and Archie
He wrote The Carroll County Accident, a No. 2 hit for Wagoner.
It was named the best country song of 1969 by the Country Music
• 2002 ~ Jazz singer Marion Montgomery, who frequently performed on British
television and was known for her smooth, versatile voice, died. She was 67.
Montgomery, was born in Natchez, Miss., and lived in England for more than
She was well-known to television audiences as a resident singer on the British
Broadcasting Corp. talk show "Parkinson" through the 1970s and was widely
praised for her smooth voice and intimate, relaxed singing style.
Montgomery worked as a cabaret singer in Las Vegas, New York and Los Angeles
before moving to Britain.
She starred in the West End production of "Anything Goes" in 1969 and recorded
a one-woman show for the BBC in 1975.
Her albums included "Swings for Winners and Losers" (1963), "Let There Be
Marion Montgomery," (1963) and "Sometimes in the Night" (1989). 23 1757 ~ Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer and harpsichordist,
died. He composed over 500 keyboard sonatas, using new techniques and achieving
• 1796 ~ Franz Adolf Berwald, Swedish composer and violinst
• 1916 ~ Ben Weber, American composer and winner of the
Thorne Music Award in 1965
• 1925 ~ Gloria DeHaven, Singer
• 1928 ~ Leon Fleisher, American pianist and conductor
• 1934 ~ Steve Lacy (Lackritz), Jazz musician, soprano sax
• 1941 ~ Sonny Dunham and his orchestra recorded the tune that was to become Mr.
Dunham’s theme song. Memories of You was Bluebird record #11239.
• 1940 ~ Gary Stites, Singer
• 1943 ~ Tony Joe White, Country Singer
• 1945 ~ Dino Danelli, Musician, drummer with The (Young) Rascals
• 1946 ~ Andy Mackay, Musician, saxophone, woodwinds with Roxy Music
• 1947 ~ David Essex (Cook), Rock Singer
• 1940 ~ (John Donald) Don Imus, Radio DJ & talk-show host
• 1950 ~ Blair Thornton, Musician, guitar with Bachman-Turner Overdrive
• 1961 ~ Martin Gore, Musician with DePeche Mode
• 1966 ~ Frank Sinatra hit the top of the pop album chart with his Strangers in the
Night. It was the first #1 Sinatra LP since 1960. The album’s title song had made
it to number one on the pop singles chart on July 2nd.
• 1969 ~ Three Dog Night received a gold record for the single, One. It was the first of
seven million-sellers for the pop-rock group.
• 2000 ~ Yoshimi Takeda, a former director of the New Mexico Symphony Orchestra, died at
the age of 67 of complications from cancer.
He had been music director and resident conductor of the NMSO from 1974 to 1984,
holding the post concurrently with that of the Kalamazoo Symphony Orchestra.
Takeda made his debut with the Tokyo Symphony in 1958. He began his U.S. career in 1962 as a Kulas Fellow with the Cleveland Orchestra in a conductor advanced
He came to the NMSO in 1970 after six years as the Honolulu Symphony's associate
• 2002 ~ Clark Gesner, who created the musical "You're a Good Man Charlie Brown,"
died of a heart attack while visiting the Princeton Club in Manhattan. He was
Gesner's well-known musical, based on Charles Schulz's Peanuts comic strip,
opened in March 1967 in a New York theater and went on to tour nationally.
The 14-song show featured Gary Burghoff as Charlie Brown and Bob Balaban as
Linus. It made a monthlong leap to Broadway in the early 1970s, and was
revived on Broadway in 1999.
Gesner, who was born in Maine, attended Princeton and was active in the
Triangle Club, the university's theater troupe. 24 1803 ~ Adolphe Adam, Opera Composer,
composer of Oh, Holy Night More information about Adam
• 1849 ~ Georgetown University in Washington, DC, became the first college to offer
a doctor of music degree. It was presented to Professor Henry Dielman.
• 1880 ~ Ernest Bloch, Swiss-born American composer and conductor
More information about Bloch
• 1908 ~ Cootie (Charles) Williams, Trumpeter with Echoes of Harlem born. He performed with
Duke Ellington and Benny Goodman; band leader for Cootie Williams Sextet and
• 1921 ~ Billy Taylor, Jazz Piano. He was also
the leader of the Billy Taylor Trio, Orchestra; coofounder of Jazzmobile ’65;
the music director of The David Frost Show; and performed jazz segments on Sunday
Morning with Charles Kuralt
• 1938 ~ Clarinet virtuoso and big band leader Artie Shaw recorded his now-classic,
Begin the Beguine, for Bluebird Records in New York City. Shaw was married to Ava
Gardner at the time.
• 1941 ~ Barbara Jean Love, Singer with Friends of Distinction
• 1942 ~ Heinz Burt, Musician, bass with The Tornados
• 1947 ~ Mick Fleetwood, British rock drummer
• 1947 ~ Peter Serkin, American pianist
• 1951 ~ Lynval Golding, Musician, guitarist with The Specials
• 1956 - After a decade together as the country’s most popular comedy team, Dean Martin
and Jerry Lewis called it quits this night. They did their last show at the
Copacabana nightclub in New York City. The duo ended their relationship exactly 10 years after they had started it.
• 1958 ~ Pam Tillis, Country Singer
• 2000 ~ Violinist Oscar Shumsky, a brilliant performer who trained generations of
successful younger artists, died at the ate of 83 from heart disease.
Shumsky displayed his musical talent at an early age, first picking up a violin
when he was 3 years old. His father, an amateur player who recognized his son's
brilliance, took him to the Curtis Institute of Music, where he was accepted as a
student by violinist Leopold Auer and was later taught by Efrem Zimbalist.
At the age of 9, Shumsky performed with the Philadelphia Orchestra, and after
graduating from Curtis in 1936, he began playing around the world to widespread
critical acclaim. He later branched into conducting.
Shumsky was featured at Lincoln Center's "Great Performer Series."
He trained generations of violinists at some of the nation's most prestigious music
schools, including the Curtis Institute, the Peabody Conservatory, Yale
University and, for 25 years, at the Juilliard School.
• 2001 ~ Charles Henderson, editor of The American Organist, died at the age of 84.
Henderson, who edited the journal for more than a decade, starting in 1973,
conducted a production of Britten's "Noye's Fludde" broadcast nationally on CBS
television in 1964. He was on the faculty of the Union Theological Seminary's
School of Sacred Music, and from 1976 to 1983 was the organist at the First
Presbyterian Church in Milford, N.J.
Born in West Chester, Pa., Henderson studied music at Bucknell University, the
Juilliard School, Syracuse University and the Fontainebleau School in France. 25 1579 ~ Valerius Otto, Composer
• 1654 ~ Agostino Steffani, Composer
• 1657 ~ Philipp Heinrich Erlebach, Composer
• 1675 ~ Nicolas Saboly, Composer, died at the age of 61
• 1772 ~ Gottlob Benedikt Bierey, Composer
• 1759 ~ Johann C Altnikol, German organist, klavecinist and composer, died at
the age of 39
• 1778 ~ Heinrich Gebhard, Composer
• 1780 ~ Christian Theodor Weinlig, Composer
• 1786 ~ Giacomo Cordella, Composer
• 1814 ~ Charles Dibdin, Composer, died at the age of 69
• 1832 ~ Simon Hassler, Composer
• 1855 ~ Edward Solomon, Composer
• 1857 ~ Joseph Napoleon Ney Moskova, Composer, died at the age of 54
• 1866 ~ Aloys Schmitt, German music theory, composer and royal pianist, died
• 1883 ~ Alfredo Casella, Italian composer, pianist, conductor and writer
• 1906 ~ Johnny Hodges, American jazz alto and soprano saxophonist
• 1911 ~ Filippo Capocci, Composer, died at the age of 71
• 1922 ~ Jarolslaw Zielinski, Composer, died at the age of 75
• 1939 ~ W2XBS TV in New York City presented the first musical comedy seen on TV. The
show was Topsy and Eva.
• 1941 ~ Manuel Charlton, Musician, guitar, singer with Nazareth
• 1942 ~ Capitol Records first number one hit made it to the top this day. It was one of
their first six records released on July 1. The new company’s hit was Cow Cow
Boogie, by Ella Mae Morse and Freddy Slack.
• 1943 ~ Jim McCarty, Drummer with the Yardbirds and songwriter
• 1945 ~ Donna Theodore, Singer on Art Linkletter’s Hollywood Talent Scouts
• 1951 ~ Verdine White, Rock Musician, bass, singer with Earth, Wind and Fire
• 1952 ~ Herbert Murrill, Composer, died at the age of 43
• 1955 ~ Ilmari Hannikainen, Composer, died at the age of 62
• 1955 ~ Isaak Iosifovich Dunayevsky, Composer, died at the age of 55
• 1964 ~ "Here's Love" closed at Shubert Theater New York City after 338 performances
• 1964 ~ The Beatles' "Hard Day's Night" album went #1 and stayed #1 for 14 weeks
• 1965 ~ Bob Dylan appeared on stage at the Newport Folk Festival with an electric
guitar. He was not well received, even with the classic folk song, Blowin’ in the
Wind. The electrified "poet laureate of a generation" was booed and hissed by the
audience for being amplified. He was, in fact, booed right off the stage.
• 1995 ~ Charlie Rich, Country singer, died at the age of 62. Rich began as a Rockabilly artist for Sun Records in Memphis in 1958. He scored the 1974 US No.1 & UK No.2 single 'The Most Beautiful Girl' and 'Behind Closed Doors', was a No.1 country hit.
• 1995 ~ Osvaldo Pugliese, Musician and composer, died at the age of 89 26 1782 ~ John Field, Composer
More information about Field
• 1791 ~ Wolfgang Amadeus Franz Xavier Mozart,
Mozart's son, he didn't give his first concert until he was 13
and never achieved his father's fame
• 1874 ~ Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-born American conductor, double-bass player and
music publisher, He was conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra and
founder of the Tanglewood Music Festival.
• 1882 ~ Richard Wagner's opera "Parsifal" was first performed, at Bayreuth, western
• 1914 ~ Erskine Hawkins, '20th Century Gabriel' Trumpeter bandleader, composer of
Tuxedo Junction (with Julian Dash and Bill Johnson)
• 1924 ~ Louie Bellson (Balassoni), Drummer with the Duke Ellington Band, drum solo on
Skin Deep, composer, music director for wife Pearl Bailey, played with Dorsey
Brothers and Count Basie bands
• 1929 ~ Alexis Weissenberg, Bulgarian-born French pianist
• 1939 ~ Sixteen-year-old singer Kay Starr got a big break. She recorded Baby Me with
Glenn Miller and his orchestra on Victor Records. Starr was filling in for Marion
Hutton who, at the last minute, was unable to attend the recording session.
• 1941 ~ Bobby Hebb, Grammy Award-winning songwriter, singer, Grand Ole Opry at age 12
• 1943 ~ Mick Jagger, British rock singer and songwriter. 41 hits [1964 to 1989],
5 gold records, 8 number one hit, Rock and Roll Hall of Famer. In 2003 he was knighted for his services to popular music and in early 2009 he joined the electric supergroup SuperHeavy
• 1945 ~ Rick White, Singer
• 1949 ~ Roger Taylor (Meadows-Taylor), Drummer with Queen
• 2001 ~ Cleveland Johnson, a crusader for equality through his Tampa Bay-area newspaper, the
Weekly Challenger, died of lung cancer. He was 73.
Johnson wrote over the years about the need for social change, warning of the devastating
effects of drugs on the black community and preaching the virtues of black economic power.
Johnson, whose first love was music, studied at the Juilliard School and the Boston
Conservatory. He operated a jewelry and dress store in Miami before moving to St. Petersburg
in the mid-1960s and taking a job at the new Weekly Challenger, where he discovered that he
had a talent for selling advertising.
When founder M.C. Fountain died, Johnson kept the paper. Starting in the 1980s, he urged
blacks to spend their money in black-owned businesses.
• 2002 ~ Buddy Baker, musical director for nearly 200 Disney movies and TV shows including "The
Mickey Mouse Club," died. He was 84.
The composer penned incidental music and special songs sung by for "The Mickey Mouse Club"
child stars and was responsible for music in the 1981 cartoon feature "The Fox and the
He was nominated for an Academy Award for the score to the 1972 children's drama "Napoleon and
He also scored incidental music for the Disney theme park attractions "Great Moments With Mr.
Lincoln," "It's a Small World," and "The Haunted Mansion."
Disney Studios hired him in 1954. He worked on arrangements for the TV show "Davy Crockett"
and three "Winnie the Pooh" cartoons and composed original music for the 1975 film "The
Apple Dumpling Gang" and 1976's "The Shaggy D.A."
• 2002 ~ Kenny Gardner, a tenor who sang with Guy Lombardo and His Royal
Canadians, died. He was 89.
Gardner, the featured crooner, was remembered for such songs as Enjoy
Yourself, It's Later Than You Think and Frankie and Johnny.
The band, one of the most popular orchestras in American dance music, sold more than 100 million recordings and became known for its New Year's Eve
broadcasts of Auld Lang Syne.
Gardner started singing for radio shows in Los Angeles. He joined the band
after Elaine Lombardo heard him on the air in 1940.
Gardner left the group to serve in the military, where he was wounded and
received a Purple Heart. He returned to perform with the band until his
retirement in 1978. 27 1867 ~ Enrique Granados, Spanish composer and conductor
More information about Granados
• 1877 ~ Ernö Dohnányi, Hungarian pianist, composer and conductor.
He wrote the popular "Variations on a Nursery Song" and became an eminent concert
pianist. One of the leading lights of 20th-century Hungarian music, he championed
the music of Bartok and Kodaly.
• 1918 ~ Leonard Rose, American cellist
• 1927 ~ Bob Morse, Singer with The Hi-Lo’s
• 1933 ~ Nick Reynolds, Folk singer with The Kingston Trio
• 1942 ~ Peggy Lee recorded her first hit record, in New York City. With the backing of
the Benny Goodman band, Miss Lee sang Why Don’t You Do Right.
• 1943 ~ Al Ramsey, Musician: guitar with Gary Lewis & The Playboys
• 1944 ~ Bobbie Gentry, Pop Singer. She won a Grammy Award in 1967
• 1949 ~ Maureen McGovern, Singer
• 1950 ~ Michael Vaughn, Guitarist with Paperlace
• 1959 ~ Brothers, Santo and Johnny (Farina) of Brooklyn, NY saw their one and only hit
record, the instrumental Sleepwalk released. Sleepwalk was number one for two
weeks. Their next song, Tear Drop, only made it to number 23 on the pop charts.
Such is life in the pop music biz.
• 1963 ~ Karl Mueller, Rock Musician
• 1974 ~ NBC~TV removed Dinah’s Place from its daytime programming roster. The move
brought Dinah Shore’s 23~year association with the Peacock Network to a close.
• 1974 ~ John Denver's biggest hit song reached the top of the Billboard singles chart.
Annie’s Song, written for his wife, became the most popular song in the U.S.
Denver had three other #1 songs: Sunshine on My Shoulders, Thank God I’m a
Country Boy and I’m Sorry.
• 1976 ~ John Lennon finally had his request for permanent residency in the United
States approved. Lennon’s immigration card number was A-17-597-321. The decision
to allow Lennon to stay in the country ended a long struggle between the former
Beatle and the U.S. Government.
• 2000 ~ Alex "Sleepy" Stein, the founder of the first all-jazz radio station, died of
cancer at the age of 81. Stein started working for CBS radio in the 1940s and
later moved to Chicago, where he earned the nickname "Sleepy" after replacing an
all-night deejay named Wide-Awake Widoe.
He moved to Southern California, where he started broadcasting from an AM station
in Long Beach.
In 1957, Stein bought KNOB and began all-jazz programming from the Signal Hill
station. On-air personalities at the groundbreaking station included famous jazz
announcers Chuck Niles, Jim Gosa and Alan Schultz. Stan Kenton helped him finance
the station by contributing the profits from his band's performances.
• 2001 ~ Harold Land, a jazz saxophonist who over five decades performed with such
greats as Thelonious Monk, Billie Holiday and Tony Bennett, died at 72.
Land was born on Dec. 18, 1928, in Houston and grew up in San Diego. His parents
bought him a saxophone when he was 16 and he made his first record at 21.
In 1954 he moved to Los Angeles, where he joined the group run by trumpeter
Clifford Brown and drummer Max Roach, touring the country for two years.
He went on to join bands featuring jazz notables Curtis Counce and Blue Mitchell.
He co-led a band with vibraphone player Bobby Hutcherson in the late 1960s and
early 1970s, and had a 30-year association with Gerald Wilson's orchestras.
Land earned a reputation as a hard-bop musician capable of incandescent
In the late 1970s and the 1980s, Land joined the Timeless All-Stars, which
included Hutcherson, drummer Billy Higgins, pianist Cedar Walton and trombonist
He also was a featured soloist for Tony Bennett. He appeared on the soundtracks
for the movies Carmen Jones in 1954 and They Shoot Horses, Don't They? in 1969.
He continued to be an active musician late in life. The album Promised Land,
featuring Land and his quartet, was released this year. 28 1741 ~ Antonio Vivaldi died
More information about Vivaldi
• 1750 ~ Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer and organist, died. Composer of "St
Matthew Passion" and "Brandenburg Concertos", his output covered every musical
genre with innovations in format, quality and technical demands.
More information about Bach
• 1796 ~ Ignace Bösendorfer, Italian Pianomaker
More information about Bösendorfer
• 1933 ~ The singing telegram was introduced on this day. The first person to receive a singing telegram was
singer Rudy Vallee, in honor of his 32nd birthday.
• 1934 ~ Jacques d’Amboise, Ballet dancer with the New York City Ballet
• 1937 ~ Peter Duchin, American bandleader, pianist, son of musician, Eddy Duchin
• 1938 ~ George Cummings, Guitarist with Dr. Hook
• 1939 ~ Judy Garland sang one of the most famous songs of the century with the Victor
Young Orchestra. The tune became her signature song and will forever be
associated with the singer-actress. Garland recorded Over the Rainbow for Decca
Records. It was the musical highlight of the film, The Wizard of Oz.
• 1941 ~ Riccardo Muti, Italian conductor
• 1945 ~ Rick Wright, Keyboards with Pink Floyd
• 1949 ~ Peter Doyle, Singer with The New Seekers
• 1949 ~ Simon Kirke, Drummer with Free
• 1958 ~ Three years after his Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White reached number one,
Cuban-born bandleader Perez Prado captured the top spot again, with Patricia.
Prado was known as the Mambo King for his popular, Latin-flavored instrumentals.
• 2001 ~ Bass guitarist Leon Wilkeson, one of the founding members of legendary rock
band Lynyrd Skynyrd, died at the age of 49.
The band, best known for songs What's your Name?, Sweet Home Alabama
and Freebird, debuted in 1973 and was named after the members' high
school gym teacher, Leonard Skinner.
Wilkeson was involved in a 1977 plane crash in Mississippi that killed band
members Ronnie Van Zant, Steve Gaines and Cassie Gaines.
The group disbanded after the crash, but re-formed with others in 1987 for a
reunion tour. The band toured for most of the 1990s and had a concert scheduled
for Aug. 23 in Jacksonville.
• 2002~ Thomas Calvin "Tommy" Floyd, whose twangy voice sold Luck's beans in the 1950s, died. He
was 89 and suffered from Alzheimer's disease.
Floyd was one of Asheboro's best known voices, between his music career and his jobs
announcing at radio stations.
Floyd organized the Blue Grass Buddy's in 1942. The group played for radio shows and performed
around the Southeast, appearing in concert with bluegrass legends Lester Flatt and
In 1950, Luck's sponsored the band, provided that Floyd plug the product at shows. His jingle
went: "Luck's pinto beans, Luck's pinto beans. Eat 'em and you'll never go wrong. Luck's
Luck's sponsored him as a host for 15-minute country music spots on television stations in the
Southeast. Luck's discontinued the sponsorship in 1953.
• 2002 ~ Eddy Marouani, who managed the careers of some of the most famous figures in French music,
including Edith Piaf and Jacques Brel, died. He was 81.
He also steered the careers of singers Michel Sardou, Serge Lama and comedian Michel Boujenah.
Marouani headed the agency "Office Parisien du Spectacle" and presided over one the biggest
families of French impresarios.
Marouani published his memoirs in 1989, entitled "Fishing for Stars, Impresario Profession." 29 1856 ~ Robert Schumann passed away. Schumann was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist.
More information about Schumann
• 1887 ~ Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-born American operetta composer, founding member of
ASCAP. He was famous for his operettas "Desert Song", "Maytime" and
• 1916 ~ Charlie Christian, American guitarist and blues singer
• 1930 ~ Paul Taylor, Dancer with the Martha Graham Dance Company, New York City Ballet,
Paul Taylor Dance Company, Emmy Award-winning choreographer, Kennedy Center
Honors in 1992 "...for enhancing the lives of people around the world and
enriching the culture of our nation."
• 1933 ~ Randy Sparks, Folk singer, songwriter with the New Christy Minstrels
• 1935 ~ Peter Schreier, German tenor
• 1946 ~ Neal Doughty, Keyboards with REO Speedwagon
• 1953 ~ Geddy Lee, Bass, singer with Rush
• 1965 ~ The Queen of England attended the premiere of the motion picture, Help!,
starring The Beatles. The command performance was held at the London Pavilion.
The film later earned first prize at the Rio De Janeiro Film Festival in Brazil. The Beatles later said the film was shot in a "haze of marijuana". According to Starr's interviews in The Beatles Anthology, during the Austrian Alps film shooting, he and McCartney ran off over the hill from the "curling" scene set to smoke a joint.
• 1966 ~ Martina McBride, Country singer
• 1970 ~ Sir John Barbirolli died. He was the British conductor of the Halle Orchestra,
and was a famous interpreter of English music, Mahler and Italian opera.
• 1973 ~ Wanya Morris, Rock Singer
• 1974 ~ Singer "Mama" Cass Elliot, American folk-pop singer died. 30 1899 ~ Gerald Moore, British pianist and accompanist
• 1909 ~ Adolph Baller, Pianist
• 1926 ~ Martin Bookspan, American music critic, administrator and broadcaster
• 1929 ~ Christine McGuire, Singer with The McGuire Sisters
• 1936 ~ Buddy (George) Guy, Blues guitar, singer, on BBC TV
• 1941 ~ Buddy Guy, Blues Musician
• 1941 ~ Paul Anka, Canadian singer and songwriter of popular music. He composed
Johnny’s Theme (Tonight Show Theme) and had 33 hits over 3 decades, including
"Diana" and "Puppy Love".
• 1942 ~ Frank Sinatra recorded the last of 90 recordings with the Tommy Dorsey
Orchestra on Victor Records. His last side was There are Such Things, which
became number one in January of 1943. Sinatra moved on as a solo singing
• 1942 ~ Stagedoor Canteen was first heard on CBS radio. The show was broadcast live
from New York City and 500 servicemen were entertained each week by celebrities
who freely donated their time for the war (WWII) effort.
• 1945 ~ David Sanborn, Grammy Award-winning musician, saxophone, flute, composer of the
TV movie score to Finnegan Begin Again
• 1947 ~ Marc Bolan (Feld), Singer with T. Rex
• 1956 ~ Singer Brenda Lee recorded her first hit for Decca Records. Jambalaya and
Bigelow 6-500 started a new career for the petite 11-year-old from Lithonia, GA
(near Atlanta). Brenda Mae Tarpley (Brenda Lee) had been singing professionally
since age six. She recorded 29 hit songs in the 1960s and became a successful
country singer in 1971. Brenda Lee had a pair of number one tunes with I’m Sorry
and I Want to be Wanted. She recorded a dozen hits that made it to the top 10.
• 1958 ~ Kate Bush, Singer
• 2002 ~ Leonard Litman, who ran two top Pittsburgh entertainment venues in the 1940s and
'50s that attracted stars such as Ella Fitzgerald, Miles Davis and Bill Haley's
Comets, died of Alzheimer's disease. He was 88.
Litman owned Lenny Litman's Copa, a nightclub that flourished in the city's downtown
from 1948 to 1959. Earlier, he ran the influential Mercur's Music Bar.
After the Copa closed in 1959, Litman continued to promote concerts and made a brief
foray into sports in the 1960s when he and his brothers invested in an American
Basketball League team.
Litman worked as the Pittsburgh correspondent for Billboard Magazine from 1948 to 1960
and as a correspondent for Variety for decades. 31 1828 ~ François Auguste Gevaert, Belgian composer, musicologist, conductor and organist
• 1845 ~ The French Army introduced the saxophone to its military band. The musical
instrument was the invention of Adolphe Sax of Belgium.
• 1939 ~ John West, Musician, guitarist with Gary Lewis and the Playboys
• 1942 ~ Harry James and his band recorded the classic I’ve Heard that Song Before, for
Columbia Records. Helen Forrest sang on the million-seller.
• 1943 ~ Lobo, Singer
• 1946 ~ Gary Lewis (Levitch), Singer with Gary Lewis and the Playboys, entertainer
Jerry Lewis’ son
• 1946 ~ Bob Welch, Guitarist and singer with Fleetwood Mac
• 1947 ~ Karl Green, Musician, guitar and harmonica with Herman’s Hermits
• 1964 ~ Jim Reeves, popular U.S. country music singer, died in an aircrash near
• 1985 ~ Prince was big at the box office with the autobiographical story of the
Minneapolis rock star, Purple Rain. The flick grossed $7.7 million in its first
three days of release on 917 movie screens. The album of the same name was the
top LP in the U.S., as well.